Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா 印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

INTRODUCTION

Usually when i frequented Indian Mamak stores or Indian restaurants, I have never order chapatti though I have heard so much about it.. I usually ordered roti canai as in this post: Roti Prata, Roti Canai, Roti Paratha , Roti Parotha (印度煎饼,手抓饼, பராத்தாவை )

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

At times, I ordered the famous naan as in this post: Garlic Naan Bread (蒜香印度烤饼)

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

If you are interested in the above two recipes, just click on the blue colour link or images above.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

I did not order chapatti due to my own prejudices. Due to the colour and burnt mark, it does not look delicious to me.. In fact i am thinking it will be hard and chewy as the bread is very flat unlike naan that looks fluffy and does not look crispy like roti pratha.  Well, I have to say it loud and clear again, it is my prejudice and I have definitely change my mind set after I prepared some this morning.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

Then you must be wondering why am I trying this recipe? Well, it is because one of a Chinese reader’s requested that she wanted the recipe because she found that It is very delicious. Due to her request, I suddenly felt the urge to try preparing it and see how chapatti taste like .. Since I already have naan and roti pratha recipe, why not have another famous Indian roti recipe?

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

Just like any other world famous cuisines, there are lots of recipes in the internet.. Most if not all the recipes stressed on the point : Soft . Some Indian bloggers even said that it is a dream that new Indian bakers who learn to prepare chapatti always hoped that the chapatti will be soft. She is trying to say that though it is easy, without proper handling, the outcome can be an extremely chewy and hard chapatti.. I second to this opinion. What she said happens to many pan fried Chinese pastries such as spring onion pancake as well. If not properly done, it is totally not delicious.. Even tortilla have the same problem..

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

After reading many recipes, I ended using none from the internet.  They all used water ratio of 50% – 65% . Instead I have used what is recommended in the packaging instruction.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

I proceeded to prepare and I did not know what to expect from the chapatti. When I took the first bite, I change my perceptions instantaneously. Though the taste of the bread had nothing unique but the texture was well beyond my expectation. It was very soft and I have three pieces to go with the dhal curry that I have cooked. If you are interested in the dhal curry, you can refer to this post: Classic Indian Vegetarian Curry–Lentil Curry aka Curry Dhal (印度扁豆咖喱 பருப்பு குழம்பு). It really goes very well with dhal.

 

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

I believed the special texture of chapatti is due to the special flour : Indian wholemeal flour or Atta flour. It has a rather high protein ratio of 15% and almost all the recipes require the use of this flour.  I have get my atta flour in the Indian provision shop near my apartment and I presumed it can be easily bought in supermarkets.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

As per wikipedia:

“Atta is an Indian wheat flour used to make most South Asian flatbreads, such as chapatti, roti, naan and puri. Most atta is milled from hard wheat varieties, also known as durum wheat, that comprise 90% of the Indian wheat crop, and is more precisely called durum atta. Hard wheat have a high gluten content, which provides elasticity, so doughs made out of atta flour are strong and can be rolled out very thin.” (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atta_flour)

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

You may asked what will happen if you can’t get hold of atta flour, can you use plain flour?. Well, if you are using all purpose flour or bread flour, you will be changing this recipe to tortilla recipe as in this post: Homemade Flour Tortilla (墨西哥面粉烙饼). While I was preparing the chapatti, the tortilla post kept flooding my mind.. The way of preparation is so similar with tortilla.. Is it not worldwide cuisines are all inter related?

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

“Chapati (alternatively spelled chapatti, chappati, chapathi, or chappathi, and also known as a roti) is an unleavened flatbread from the Indian Subcontinent; and popular staple in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The word chapat (Hindi:चपत, chapat) means “Flat”, which describes the traditional method of forming rounds of thin dough by slapping the dough between the wetted palms of the hands. With each slap, the round of dough is rotated. Chapati is noted in the 16th-century document Ain-i-Akbari by Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, vizier ofMughal Emperor Akbar. Chapatis are one of the most common forms of wheat bread which is staple food in South Asia. The carbonized wheat grains discovered at the excavations at Mohenjo-Daro are of a similar variety to an endemic species of wheat still to be found in India today. The Indus valley is known to be one of the ancestral lands of cultivated wheat. Chapati is a form of roti or rotta (bread). The words are often used interchangeably. Chapati or rotta is made of whole wheat flour and cooked on a tava (flat skillet).” (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapati)

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)


WHAT IS REQUIRED

Servings: About 8 small chapattis

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

  • 200 grams of Indian Atta flour
  • 150 grams of plain water
  • 1/2 teaspoon of salt

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)


STEPS OF PREPARATION

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

  • Put the atta flour into a big mixing bowl. Gradually add in water and knead it until a smooth dough. It will take 3-5 minutes to knead the dough. Shape round and cover with a clingy wrap. Let it rest for at least 2 hours before proceeding to the next step. If preferred, you can rest overnight in the fridge.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

  • After resting, divide the dough into 8 equal portions. Shape round and set aside.

  • Take one dough ball and roll it in a pool of atta flour. Ensure it is well coated with atta flour. Use a rolling pin to roll it as flat and as round as possible on a surface lightly dusted with atta flour. If you put the dough on your palm, the soft dough should easily follow the shape of your palm.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

  • Heat up a non stick pan using medium heat. Put the rolled dough on top of the pan and pan fry until the bottom is golden brown which took about 3-4 minutes (depend on your heat). Flip over and pan fry the other side until golden brown. During this process, you should witness some bubbling on the dough.  If there is no bubbling, it means that you dough is not well knead and there are holes that causes leakages of the water vapour. If preferred, after it is done, just brush some ghee and pan fry until the ghee is dried.

  • There is another method of preparation which is to heat directly over the stove. After pan frying the first side, turn over and pan fry the other side on direct heat of the stove gas. If properly done, you will witness a huge pocket suddenly surges upwards and it is consider done if the surface looks dry to touch. The entire process took only about 30 seconds or less. But use low heat for this method. The type of roti prepared is called phulka  (புல்கா). It is just a step difference from the preparation of chapatti.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)


CONCLUSION

After preparation of the 3 Indian common roti, I am of the opinion that this is the easiest and the healthiest.. If you realized, there are only 3 ingredients not even a drop of fats was used. It has a high fibre content that is good for digestive system.  Remember that you need to give time of resting such that the flour has adequate time to absorb water.. If prefer, you can even leave it overnight just like many bread dough recipes. There is another roti recipe, puri is on the pipeline. It uses atta flour too but it is a deep fried version.

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

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Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)


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Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

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Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

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Classic Indian Flatbread Recipe: Chapati & Phulka ( சப்பாத்தி & புல்கா  印度烙饼: 恰巴提)

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